Research Article - (2021) Volume 11, Issue 3

Corona Virus Research in Veterinary Science a Scientometrics Analysis

S.Raju1* and M.Sankar2*
 
*Correspondence: S.Raju, Department of Central Library, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India, Email: M.Sankar, Agricultural College & Research Institute, Agricultural University, Thiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu, India, Tel: +91 98652 60616, Email:

Author info »

Abstract

The present study explores the research output on corona virus in the different disciplines of veterinary science during 1989 to 2020 and Web of Science citation database used for this work. Results show that 1901 documents published in the study period and 6118 scientists/researchers published their research in this field. The present study was focused to analyses the collected data for year-wise output, source-wise, topmost journals, topmost author wise, institution wise, and keyword most occurrence in the research. Also, the present study reveals the interpretation of various citation scores in the scientometric aspects. In conclusion, the corona virus research output by Indian researchers for veterinary science was evidenced by the contribution of 158 research documents with Global Citation Scores of 1418 and Global Citation Score of 132. The quality research in all aspects of information would help in improving the productivity and also have a research impact.

Keywords

Scientometric Study, Corona Virus, Veterinary Science, Vaccines, Science Database, International Nuclear Information System Database (INIS).

Introduction

Recently, the corona virus is causing the most predominant diseases in the world. Most of the human beings and animals mostly infected by these viruses. Several researchers are working in different countries for complete eradication of these viral diseases from this world. Due to the pandemic situation, research is mainly focused on development of vaccines for human beings. However, the corona virus research in the veterinary discipline is also done by scientists and published their experimental results. Therefore, the present study is focused on veterinary science research with exclusive work on corona virus and data collected from the web of science database. One of the ways to analyses the quality of paper is its impact on the research. Scientometrics is used to determine the impact of research. For this study, the impact of corona virus research output published by Indian researchers at the national level as well as the international level was analyzed and reported.

Review of Related Literature

Kademani et al. (2006) analyzed the scientometric respect in nuclear science and technology research in India using International Nuclear Information System database (INIS) for a selective period (1970-2002). It is found that the average number of papers published per year was 1676.15. Most of the scientists published in the journals (60%) (Sankar, M & Srinivasaragavan 2012). The most preferred Journal was Pramana 1327 (3.955%), and more than 99 percent written in English. Sankar and Srinivasaragavan carryout out a scientometric study for authorship collaboration in agricultural research during 1970 – 2012, and the results showed a low level of publication in India as compared to the global level. Deals with sources authorship and metric related information also found in the result. It is also applied simple statistics and levels of local citation scores and global citation scores in the research.

Objectives of the study

1. To identify the year-wise distribution of output for corona virus research in veterinary science for India.

2. To identify the source-wise distribution for corona virus research in veterinary science for India.

3. To identify the topmost journal distribution in corona virus research output by Indian researchers.

4. To identify the topmost author-wise distribution for Indian researchers worked in the corona virus research in veterinary science.

5. To identify the frequency of institution-wise for corona virus research carried out in veterinary research field by Indian scientists.

6. To identify the frequency of keyword for corona virus research work found in Indian veterinary science researchers.

Methodology

The Web of Science (WoS) database is gaining more popular in India, which is a very user-friendly citation database as compared with other databases. The Web of knowledge is the search platform provided by Thomson Reuters (Kademani et al. 2006). For this study, the WoS online database was used to data collection on corona virus research done in the area of veterinary science by Indian researchers and used for further analysis (Shri Ram 2020). The period of study was chosen from January 1989 to 2020 September, and data collection restricted to this period only. The search string is the "corona virus" was used in WoS database and results showed 1901 records. The data was downloaded in the R-Programming software (Biblioshiny tool) and analyzed according to the objectives of the study in Table 1.

S. No Description Results
1 Documents 1901
2 Sources (Journals, Books, etc.) 151
3 Keywords plus (ID) 2920
4 Author's keywords (DE) 2604
5 Average citations per documents 17.21
6 Authors 6118
7 Author appearances 9641
8 Authors of single-authored documents 119
9 Authors of multi-authored documents 5999
10 Single-authored documents 164
11 Documents per author 0.311
12 Authors per document 3.22
13 Co-authors per documents 5.07
14 Collaboration Index 3.45

Table 1: Basic Data of Corona Virus Research Output for Published by India Veterinary Scientists during 1989-2020

Data analysis and interpretation

The impact of specific area of research can be assessed by counting the number of research documents published in that field, citation scores and scholar indices. Table 1 gives the details about year wise research documents and means value of total citation article scores and total citations per year scores for corona virus research works done by India veterinary scientists during 1989-2020. (Farshid Danesh & Somayeh Ghavi Del 2020) the study results reveals that articles published 55 numbers in 2006 and Mean TC per Art 30.58181818, Mean TC per Year 2.184415584 the citable year is 14. The maximum and minimum number of research documents found as 108 and 14 for 2020 and 2004, respectively. (Siva Sami, K. 2016) More than 20 records found as a yearly research output in corona virus research in veterinary science in India. Furthermore, it was found those citable years in Table 2.

S. No Year Article Mean TC per art Mean TC per year Citable years
1 1989 26 15.38461538 0.496277916 31
2 1990 32 15.2812500 0.50937500 30
3 1991 51 17.68627451 0.609871535 29
4 1992 49 26.53061224 0.947521866 28
5 1993 62 25.74193548 0.953405018 27
6 1994 41 16.31707317 0.627579737 26
7 1995 53 19.20754717 0.768301887 25
8 1996 45 20.86666667 0.869444444 24
9 1997 56 22.71428571 0.98757764 23
10 1998 37 24.94594595 1.133906634 22
11 1999 51 23.54901961 1.121381886 21
12 2000 53 28.56603774 1.428301887 20
13 2001 61 23.98360656 1.262295082 19
14 2002 48 25.91666667 1.439814815 18
15 2003 43 21.81395349 1.283173735 17
16 2004 51 24.25490196 1.515931373 16
17 2005 46 26.36956522 1.757971014 15
18 2006 55 30.58181818 2.184415584 14
19 2007 70 27.27142857 2.097802198 13
20 2008 64 22.90625000 1.908854167 12
21 2009 58 18.70689655 1.700626959 11
22 2010 59 17.57627119 1.757627119 10
23 2011 46 15.73913043 1.748792271 9
24 2012 67 16.14925373 2.018656716 8
25 2013 71 15.8028169 2.257545272 7
26 2014 97 13.74226804 2.290378007 6
27 2015 88 12.94318182 2.588636364 5
28 2016 102 7.901960784 1.975490196 4
29 2017 105 6.171428571 2.057142857 3
30 2018 92 2.739130435 1.369565217 2
31 2019 108 0.962962963 0.962962963 1
32 2020 14 0.214285714 0 0

Table 2: Year Wise Documents with Citation of Corona Virus Research in Veterinary Science

Generally, several numbers of scholar indices (h, g and m index of the author) used to measure the bibliometric impact of individual scientist or researcher. The results reveals that the author SAIF LJ holds first place (h index of 28, g index of 39 and 0.875)by contributing 62 papers with 1812 citations in Table 3.

S. No Author H_index G_index M_index TC NP PY_start
1 Saif Lj 28 39 0.875 1812 62 1989
2 Paltrinieri S 15 22 0.535714286 533 32 1993
3 Decaro N 15 25 0.789473684 644 28 2002
4 Addie Dd 15 25 0.483870968 643 26 1990
5 Buonavoglia C 17 26 0.772727273 807 26 1999
6 Hartmann K 12 22 0 497 26 0
7 Pedersen Nc 17 25 0.653846154 1028 25 1995
8 Jackwood Mw 16 24 0.571428571 980 24 1993
9 Cavanagh D 16 20 0.551724138 1650 20 1992
10 Lutz H 14 19 0.451612903 569 19 1990
11 Martella V 12 18 0.6 537 18 2001
12 Giordano A 9 15 0.473684211 243 17 2002
13 Hohdatsu T 9 17 0.3 352 17 1991
14 Liu Sw 12 17 0.705882353 417 17 2004
15 Mari V 12 17 0.857142857 357 17 2007
16 Mostl K 6 12 0.187500000 150 17 1989
17 Toro H 9 14 0.6 215 17 2006
18 Han Zx 11 16 0.733333333 295 16 2006
19 Brandao Pe 6 11 0.428571429 127 15 2007
20 Elia G 12 15 0.6 399 15 2001

Table 3: Author Wise H-Index, G-Index-Index of Corona Virus Research in Veterinary Science (Top 20)

The highest research documents were published as 108 in 2019, followed by 2017 (n=105) and 2016 (n=102). It was observed that the number of published documents was found higher for 2013-2019 that of previous years. However, lesser number of publications found 2020 was due to data collected for nine months in 2020 in Table 4.

S. No Author year freq TC TCpY
1 Addie dd 1990 1 15 0.483870968
2 Addie dd 1992 2 139 4.793103448
3 Addie dd 1993 1 4 0.142857143
4 Addie dd 1994 1 0 0
5 Addie dd 1995 3 83 3.192307692
6 Addie dd 1996 1 18 0.72
7 Addie dd 1997 1 80 3.333333333
8 Addie dd 1998 1 18 0.782608696
9 Addie dd 2000 2 64 3.047619048
10 Addie dd 2001 1 55 2.75
11 Addie dd 2002 1 44 2.315789474
12 Addie dd 2004 5 77 4.529411765
13 Addie dd 2005 1 18 1.125
14 Addie dd 2012 1 6 0.666666667
15 Addie dd 2013 1 9 1.125

Table 4: Individual Authors-Frequency Year Wise (Top 15)

The second place lotka’s law-author productivity for paltrinieri s (h index of 15, g index of 22 and 0.535714286) for his 32 research papers, which was cited by 533 documents. The author, Kumar S ranked third place with a research output of 28 papers with 644 citations (h index 15.g index 25 and 0.789473684) in Table 5.

Documents No. of authors Proportion of authors
1 4633 0.757273619
2 844 0.13795358
3 268 0.043805165
4 142 0.023210199
5 73 0.011932004
6 42 0.006864989
7 26 0.004249755
8 25 0.004086303
9 13 0.002124877
10 10 0.001634521
11 8 0.001307617
12 4 0.000653808
13 2 0.000326904
14 3 0.000490356
15 7 0.001144165
16 1 0.000163452
17 6 0.000980713
18 1 0.000163452
19 1 0.000163452
20 1 0.000163452
24 1 0.000163452
25 2 0.000326904
26 2 0.000326904
28 1 0.000163452
29 1 0.000163452
30 1 0.000163452

Table 5: Lotka’s Law-Author Productivity

Bradford's law applied corona virus research in veterinary science predicts that the number of alternate and third zones will be n and n2 times larger than the first zone independently and thus, it should be possible to prognosticate the total number of papers on a subject once the number in the core and middle zone in Table 6.

S.No Source Rank Freq cumFreq Zone
1 Veterinary Microbiology 1 191 191 Zone 1
2 AVIAN Diseases 2 115 306 Zone 1
3 Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 3 85 391 Zone 1
4 Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 4 83 474 Zone 1
5 AVIAN Pathology 5 73 547 Zone 1
6 Veterinary Record 6 67 614 Zone 1
7 Journal of Feline Medicine And Surgery 7 64 678 Zone 1
8 Journal of Wildlife Diseases 8 51 729 Zone 2
9 American Journal of Veterinary Research 9 49 778 Zone 2
10 Transboundary and Emerging Diseases 10 44 822 Zone 2
11 Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 11 44 866 Zone 2
12 Veterinary Journal 12 42 908 Zone 2
13 Bmc Veterinary Research 13 41 949 Zone 2
14 Veterinary Research 14 41 990 Zone 2
15 Research in Veterinary Science 15 38 1028 Zone 2
16 Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Veterinaire 16 30 1058 Zone 2
17 Laboratory Animal Science 17 29 1087 Zone 2
18 Preventive Veterinary Medicine 18 28 1115 Zone 2
19 Veterinary Pathology 19 25 1140 Zone 2
20 Zoonoses And Public Health 20 23 1163 Zone 2
21 Journal Of Comparative Pathology 21 22 1185 Zone
22 Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 22 22 1207 Zone 2
23 Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja 23 22 1229 Zone 2
24 Acta Veterinaria Hungarica 24 21 1250 Zone 2
25 Canadian Veterinary Journal-Revue Veterinaire Canadienne 25 21 1271 Zone 2
26 Feline Practice 26 19 1290 Zone 2
27 Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 27 17 1307 Zone 3
28 Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series B-Infectious Diseases And Veterinary Public Health 28 17 1324 Zone 3
29 Australian Veterinary Journal 29 16 1340 Zone 3
30 Revue Scientifique Et Technique-Office International Des Epizooties 30 16 1356 Zone 3

Table 6: Bradford Law Applied Corona Virus Research in Veterinary Science

Bradford law zone wise source and records have veterinary microbiology AVIAN diseases journal of veterinary medical science and AVIAN pathology in Table 7 and Figure 1.

Zone Source Records
I (Core) 7 678
II 19 612
III 125 611

Table 7: Bradford Law Zone Wise Source and Records

ijlis-Zone

Figure 1: Bradford Law Zone Wise Source and Records

First rank for Veterinary Microbiology journal is the highly productive journal with h index 34, g index 47 and 191 publications and recorded 3910 Citations, followed by AVIAN DISEASES journal (hindex 29, g index 47 and 115 publications and 2789 Citations). Third rank reserved for journal of veterinary medical science due to its hindex of 17, g index of 27, 85 publications with 990 Citations in Table 8 and Figure 2.

Year Veterinary microbiology Journal of veterinary medical science AVIAN pathology Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation AVIAN diseases
1989 7 0 0 0 0
1990 3 0 0 0 2
1991 6 4 0 2 2
1992 5 4 2 1 2
1993 5 4 0 2 1
1994 5 2 0 1 1
1995 4 3 2 3 0
1996 2 4 3 4 0
1997 2 3 3 1 6
1998 3 2 0 2 3
1999 4 3 0 6 0
2000 2 2 2 2 11
2001 2 3 4 2 11
2002 2 0 2 7 8
2003 5 1 3 4 6
2004 3 4 2 1 2
2005 3 1 3 3 3
2006 1 1 7 2 3
2007 11 4 6 2 5
2008 9 5 4 2 3
2009 6 4 3 2 3
2010 8 2 2 4 4
2011 6 2 4 3 2
2012 6 1 2 4 6
2013 11 3 3 2 5
2014 9 2 3 5 4
2015 11 0 2 4 5
2016 13 7 2 3 7
2017 16 5 4 3 5
2018 4 4 3 4 3
2019 14 5 2 2 2
2020 3 0 0 0 0

Table 8: Source Dynamics of Corona Virus Research in Veterinary Science

ijlis-Corona

Figure 2: Source Dynamics of Corona Virus Research in Veterinary Science

The top most journals are published in the corona virus research in veterinary Science In the study, highly productive open access journals of corona virus research papers were identified, and it was found that these journals collectively contributed immensely overall view about the impact of the most productive journals in Table 9.

S. No Source h_index g_index m_index TC NP PY_start
1 Veterinary Microbiology 34 47 1.0625 3910 191 1989
2 AVIAN Diseases 29 47 0.935483871 2789 115 1990
3 Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 17 27 0.566666667 990 85 1991
4 Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 22 39 0.733333333 1770 83 1991
5 AVIAN Pathology 31 53 1.068965517 2957 73 1992
6 Veterinary Record 26 40 0.81250000 1777 67 1989
7 Journal Of Feline Medicine And Surgery 20 33 1 1300 64 2001
8 Journal of Wildlife Diseases 22 32 0.733333333 1140 51 1991
9 American Journal of Veterinary Research 21 29 0.65625 1039 49 1989
10 Transboundary And Emerging Diseases 13 22 1.3 582 44 2011
11 Veterinary Immunology And Immunopathology 20 31 0.666666667 1058 44 1991
12 Veterinary Journal 19 31 0.863636364 1047 42 1999
13 Bmc Veterinary Research 13 17 1.625 397 41 2013
14 Veterinary Research 14 33 0.5 110 41 1993
15 Research in Veterinary Science 14 25 0.4375 682 38 1989

Table 9: Source Impact of Corona Virus Research in Veterinary Science

Country wise collaboration of corona virus research in veterinary Science Among the country wise collaboration of Coronavirus research covered by the study tops United States of America with highest number of publications in 491, UK 135, China 134, Japan 132, Germany 91,Italy 88, Canada 81, Brazil 62, France 58. These countries are top ten places in the Corona virus research in veterinary Science in Table 10 and Figure 3.

Country Articles Freq SCP MCP MCP_Ratio
Usa 491 0.265693 331 160 0.3259
United Kingdom 135 0.073052 84 51 0.3778
China 134 0.072511 126 8 0.0597
Japan 132 0.071429 110 22 0.1667
Germany 91 0.049242 56 35 0.3846
Italy 88 0.047619 79 9 0.1023
Canada 81 0.043831 50 31 0.3827
Brazil 62 0.03355 51 11 0.1774
France 58 0.031385 27 31 0.5345
Korea 57 0.030844 52 5 0.0877
Australia 41 0.022186 29 12 0.2927
Belgium 40 0.021645 26 14 0.35
Hungary 36 0.019481 24 12 0.3333
Spain 34 0.018398 22 12 0.3529
Sweden 31 0.016775 21 10 0.3226
Turkey 31 0.016775 27 4 0.129
Switzerland 29 0.015693 15 14 0.4828
Netherlands 28 0.015152 14 14 0.5

Table 10: Country Wise Collaboration of Corona Virus Research in Veterinary Science

ijlis-Collaboration

Figure 3: Country Wise Collaboration of Corona Virus Research in Veterinary Science

Results and Discussion

Based on the analysis of corona virus research output has interpreted, and their citation scores emphasized at the national level as well as the international level. The present study analyses the corona virus research output in veterinary science for the study period starting from 1989-2020. The data collected from the WoS database was used for analysis. The overall documents available in 1901 No’s, various sources of research 151 No’s using keywords 2920 Average citation per document 17.21, Authors 6118, Authors of single-authored documents 119, Authors of multi-authored documents 5999, Documents per Author 0.3111, Authors per Document 3.22, Co- Authors per Documents 5.07 and Collaboration Index 3.45.

Conclusion

Furthermore, the research articles are a significant primary source of publication among the four types of research documents published in the area of corona virus research. The excellent quality research in all aspects of information would help in improving the productivity and also have a research impact.

References

Author Info

S.Raju1* and M.Sankar2*
 
1Department of Central Library, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India
2Agricultural College & Research Institute, Agricultural University, Thiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu, India
 

Received: 04-Jun-2021 Published: 25-Jun-2021

Copyright: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Get the App