This paper attempts to highlight quantitatively the growth and development of world literature on blood cancer particularly in the South Asian region in terms of publication output as per PubMed database (2004-2013). During 2004-2013 a total of 1936 papers were published by experts in medical science in the field ‘Blood Cancer’. A total of 1936 papers were published from the 8 South Asian countries in the field of Blood Cancer. The highest papers (1731) were published by India in 10 years period. Pakistan is the second highest producing country with 127 publications. The average number of publications produced per year was 173. The highest number of publications (286) from India was produced in 2012.